Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Foreign Exchange in a Historical Perspective

Currency trading has a long history and can be traced back to the ancient
Middle East and Middle Ages when foreign exchange started to take shape after
the international merchant bankers devised bills of exchange, which were
transferable third-party payments that allowed flexibility and growth in foreign
exchange dealings.
The modern foreign exchange market characterized by the consequent
periods of increased volatility and relative stability formed itself in the twentieth
century. By the mid-1930s London became to be the leading center for foreign
exchange and the British pound served as the currency to trade and to keep as a
reserve currency. Because in the old times foreign exchange was traded on the
telex machines, or cable, the pound has generally the nickname “cable”. In 1930,
the Bank for International Settlements was established in Basel, Switzerland, to
oversee the financial efforts of the newly independent countries, emerged after
the World War I, and to provide monetary relief to countries experiencing
temporary balance of payments difficulties.
After the World War II, where the British economy was destroyed and the
United States was the only country unscarred by war, U.S. dollar became the
prominent currency of the entire globe. Nowadays, currencies all over the world
are generally quoted against the U.S. dollar.

No comments:

Post a Comment